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Download the Protein Blotting Guide
Download the Stem Cell Guide for Life Science Researchers
:: Posted by American Biotechnologist on 11-15-2011
We found the amateur home video on protein blotting and western blot analysis posted on teachinhawaii’s YouTube channel. The video is a decent step-by-step demonstration of how to perform protein blotting and western blot analysis. It is appropriate for novice or first-time users. The video shows how to do protein blotting with Bio-Rad’s Mini-Trans Blot or Criterion Protein Blotting Systems. Of course, faster protein blotting can now be perfomed in under 3 minutes with Bio-Rad’s Trans-Blot Turbo Transfer System (as opposed to the 1-2 hours suggested in this video).
We are in the process of collecting protein blotting home videos. If you are aware of an interesting video, please let us know.
Now, we are proud to present you with a 43 page protein blotting guide put together by Bio-Rad Laboratories. The guide is organized into two parts which cover the theory and methods behind protein blotting. You will learn topics such as methods and instrumentation, the difference between various membranes and tranfer buffers, the ins and outs of transfer conditions, detection and imaging and a host of different blotting and detection protocols.
The guide is fairly technical and is appropriate for both novice and advanced users alike.
:: Posted by American Biotechnologist on 11-10-2011
Angiogenesis is a fundamental process required for multiple physiological and pathological events. It is also a hallmark of over 50 different disease states, including cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and psoriasis. Methods developed to study these diseases are important tools for testing potential therapeutics. These methods include both in vivo and in vitro assays. In vivo assays are considered the most informative because of the complex nature of vascular responses to test reagents. However these assays are often costly and laborious. In contrast, in vitro assays can be carried out expeditiously, are less expensive, and are easier to interpret. Often, these in vitro assays provide maximum benefits when developed as multivariate index assays where the data of multiple assays yield a composite profile of clinically relevant protein biomarkers.
Bio-Rad has developed a multiplex Bio-Plex Pro human cancer biomarker panel that measures angiogenesis biomarker in diverse matrices including serum, plasma, cell culture supernatant and many other sample types. Using this assay, it is possible to quantify multiple angiogenesis targets n a single well of a 96-well microplate in just three hours, using as little as 12.5ul of serum or plasma.
:: Posted by American Biotechnologist on 11-03-2011
Here are some great application tips from Bio-Rad Laboratories for those researchers working with proteins:
Generally, the best method for keeping a protein in solution is to add any combination of nonionic detergents, zwitterionic detergents, and chaotropic agents to the sample mixture. Also use reducing agents such as DTT and DTE (less than 20 mM) to decrease disulfide bond formation between proteins.
When working with membrane or insoluble proteins, increase the amount of SDS in the equilibration and running buffers (up to 0.2%) to allow the proteins to effectively migrate out of the IPG strip.
To reduce the amount of SDS in samples generated by preparative SDS-PAGE, substitute the elution buffer with one that does not contain SDS.
Nucleic acid contamination is a common cause of horizontal gel streaking. Treat samples with nucleases to remove nucleic acids prior to isoelectric focusing.
Never heat samples in urea-containing buffers. The urea rapidly breaks down to carbamic acid and carbamylates the proteins, modifying their charge. Urea breakdown and subsequent protein carbamylation is the cause of charge trains on 2-D gels. A charge train is a series of spots on a 2-D gel that are of different pIs and the same size.