Double stranded DNA (dsDNA) melts at a temperature that is determined by its length (i.e. the number of base pairs) and nucleotide sequence composition. In general, longer strands of DNA and strands consisting of more “G”s and “C”s melt at higher temperatures than shorter strands and strands consisting of “A”s and “T”s. As such, every dsDNA molecule has a unique melting fingerprint which can be used to differentiate one strand of DNA from another. Over the past 10-15 years great advances have been made in utilizing this feature in DNA-based research. One example is the discrimination of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP) which occurs when a single nucleotide differs between members of a species or paired chromosomes in an individual. SNPs play an important role in the development of disease and can serve as significant biomarkers under various conditions. Because SNPs involve the substitution of a single nucleotide within a DNA fragment, the resulting DNA fragment has a different melting temperature then its native form. When DNA melting analysis is coupled with a technique such as real-time PCR the result is a powerful tool for detecting SNPs from small amounts of starting material.
Precision Melt Analysis software imports and analyzes data files generated from Bio-Rad Laboratories’ CFX96 or CFX384 real-time PCR detection system to genotype samples based on the thermal denaturation properties of double-stranded DNA. The software can be used for a variety of genotyping applications, including scanning for new gene variants, screening DNA samples for SNPs, identifying insertions/deletions or other unknown mutations, and determining the percentage of methylated DNA in unknown samples. Use the default analysis settings to automatically normalize data and assign a genotype to each sample based on its melt characteristics — there is no need to include genotype controls to assign cluster labels.
Precision Melt Analysis software saves analysis time by assigning sample genotypes automatically based on cluster analysis, or manually using multiple data view options to tailor the software to the appropriate analysis. Use the normalized melt curves plot feature to generate a basic representation of the different clusters based on curve shifting (for homozygotes) and curve shape change (for heterozygotes). Difference curve plots of a sample fluorescence versus a selected control at each temperature transition provide a convenient visual aid to interpret the data.
Precision Melt Analysis software enables data comparison between multiple file runs by combining data into a single Melt Study. Develop a standard library of melt-curve runs to analyze an unlimited number of melt experiments without having to export data.
Precision Melt Analysis software makes it easy for you to:
* Streamline your data analysis using the customizable default analysis settings
* Utilize the multiple data view options to manually assign sample genotypes by tailoring the software to the appropriate analysis
* Examine results from a number of melt files, without having to export data, using the Melt Study module
* Analyze multiple experiments from a single plate using the Well Groups feature
* Publish your data in several formats by easily exporting data to Microsoft Excel or as an image
For more information, check out the Precision Melt Analysis Software Flier and the Precision Melt Analysis Software instruction manual or contact your sales rep at 1-800-4-BIO-RAD (1-800-424-6723) for details.